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Fausse fantaisie dans l’hexagonale confusion .....

lundi 25 juillet 2016 - Rédaction SNP

WHY SAGO WORMS ARE ESSENTIAL

 Cet article du 22 juillet d’un site anglais marchand Global Food Book’s pourrait apparaître anecdotique - l’aspect culinaire du charançon rouge - est en réalité  bien documenté (voir références). Outre les qualités de toute nature de ces larves de CRP qu’il nous faut bien détruire, il réaffirme tout l’intérêt du piégeage SNP préconise à fond mais également une piste nouvelle celle du Moringa oleifera plante indienne ancestrale miracle associée à la moderne technologie des nanoparticules titanioum de dioxde à une concentration de 75 mg / L TiO2NPS.

Qui se soucie en France et Europe de ses recherches. On préfère continuer à faire un sort aux derniers insecticides de notre pharmacopée ( fin programmée du Confidor) et à essayer de comprendre le désordre tarifaire autour de la technologie de l’endothérapie sur palmier qui semble échapper à toute logique économique...... pas très rassurant quand on sait toute la rigueur que devraient avoir les plans de lutte intégrée (IPM).

http://globalfoodbook.com/benefits-of-sago-worms Antimicrobial Activities


Mazza et al., (2011) investigated the antimicrobial activity of the cuticular surface of the adults, larvae and eggs. They tested this activity against the Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg) Cohn and Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner, the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli Escherich, and the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin and Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin. They also conducted a similar analysis with the hemolymph of R. ferrugineus larvae infected by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Schroter) Migula, Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach and E. coli. The study revealed that there are polar substances present on the body of both adults and larvae of the red palm weevil. Thus they offer a protective barrier against microorganisms due to their antimicrobial properties. Pharmaceutical Purposes
According to Elemo et al., (2011), the essential fatty acid and linoleic acid (3.51% of total lipid) found in red palm weevil larva oil make it very suitable for pharmaceutical use.
Serve as Animal Feeds
Being rich in essential nutrients, the red palm weevil grubs can serve as animal feeds. They can also be used as bait for catching fish. Aid Easy Digestion
Due to the high dietary fibre found in the red palm grubs, they can serve as a great source of dietary roughage. As a result, they aid easy digestion of food and helps to prevent constipation and flatulence. Economic Benefits
Sago worms offer economic opportunities to some people especially in the underdeveloped and developing parts of the world. The worms are sold for income generation.
How to Control Red Palm Weevil (rhynchophorus ferrugineus) The major control method of this pest is by applying insecticide through a funnel above the infested part of the tree trunk. The weevils can also be trapped using pitfall traps or pheromone luring bucket. Al-Barty and Hamza (2015), suggested an alternative method for controlling this pest. They investigated the larvicidal activity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPS) synthesised from the aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera against the Rhynchophorus ferrugineus. The motive behind their study was to ascertain the effects of Moringa oleifera on the glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) activities in tissue homogenates of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae. Their findings showed that there is high mortality in the larval stage when this natural extract solution with titanioum dioxde nanoparticles at concentration 75 mg/L was applied. They concluded that TiO2NPS is suitable to be used alongside with Moringa oleifera extract against red palm weevil larvae.

REFERENCES
1] Abbas M. S. T. (2010) IPM of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus. In : A CiancioKG Mukerji, Integrated Management of Arthropod Pests and Insect Borne Diseases. Springer, Netherlands. Pp. 209-230.
2] Abraham, V. A., Al-Shuaibi, M. A., Faleiro, J. R., Abozuhairah, R. A. and Vidyasagar, P. S. P. V. (1998), An integrated management approach for red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv : a key pest of date palm in the Middle East, Agriculture Science 3, pp. 77-83.
3] Al-Barty, A. M. F. and Hamza, R. Z. (2015), Larvicidal, antioxidant activities and perturbation of Transminases activities of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles synthesized using Moring oleifera leaves extract against the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research, 2(6), pp. 49-54.
4] Banerjee, A. ; Dangar, T.K. (1995) Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a facultative pathogen of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 11, 618-620.
5] Bouchard, P., Bousquet, Y., Davies, A.E., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Lawrence, J.F., Lyal, C.H.C., Newton, A.F., Reid, C.A.M., Schmitt, M., S´lipin´ ski, S.A., Smith, A.B.T., (2011), Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta). ZooKeys 88, pp. 1–972.
6] Ekpo K. E. and Onigbinde A. O. (2005), Nutritional potentials of the larva of Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition ; 4(5):287–290.
7] Elemo, B. O., Elemo, G. N., Makinde, M., & Erukainure, O. L. (2011), Chemical Evaluation of African Palm Weevil, Rhychophorus phoenicis, Larvae as a Food Source, Journal of Insect Science, 11, 146. http://doi.org/10.1673/031.011.14601
8] El-Mergawy R. A. A. M., Al-Ajlan A. M., Abdallah N. A., Nasr M. I. and Silvain J. F. (2011),Determination of different geographical populations of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) using RAPD-PCR. International Journal of Agric Biol 13 : pp. 227-231.
9] Faleiro J. R. (2006) A review on the issues and management of red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera : Rhynchophoridae) in coconut and date palm during the last one hundred years. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 26 : 135-153.
10] Gahukar, R. T. (2011), Entomophagy and human food security, International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 31, pp 129-144. doi:10.1017/S1742758411000257.
11] Gunawardena, N. E., Kern, F., Janssen, E., Meegoda, C., Schafer, D., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H. J. (1998), Host attractants for red weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus : identification, electrophysiological activity, and laboratory bioassay, Journal of Chemical Ecology 24, pp. 425-437.
12] Jaffe, K., P. Sanchez, H. Cerda, R. Hernandez, N. Urdaneta, G. Guerra, R. Martinez and B. Miras, (1993), Chemical ecology of the palm weevil Rhynchophorus palmarum (L.) (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) : Attraction to host plants and to a male-produced aggregation pheromone. Journal of Chem. Ecol., 19 : 1703-1720.
13] Mazza, G., Arizza, V., Baracchi, D., Barzanti, G. P., Benvenuti, C., Francardi, V., Frandi, A., Gherardi, F., Longo, S., Manachini, B., Perito, B., Rumine, P., Schillaci, D., Turillazzi, S. and Cervo, R. (2011), Antimicrobial activity of the red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, Bulletin of Insectology 64 (1) : 33-41.
14] Omotoso, O. T., & Adedire, C. O. (2007). Nutrient composition, mineral content and the solubility of the proteins of palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis f. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae). Journal of Zhejiang University, Science. B, 8(5), 318–322. http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2007.B0318
15] Rahalkar, G. W., Harwalkar, M. R. and Rananavare, H. O. (1972), Development of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv. on sugarcane, Indian Journal of Entomology 34, pp. 213-215.
16] Rajapakse, C. N. K., Gunawardena, N. E. and Perera, K. F. G. (1998), Pheromone baited trap for the management of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus F. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) populations in coconut plantations, Cocos 13, pp. 54-65.
17] Teffo L. S., Toms R. B. and Eloff J. N. (2007), Preliminary data on the nutritional composition of the edible stink-bug, Encosternum delegorguei Spinola, consumed in Limpopo province, South Africa. South African Journal of Science ; 103:434–436.

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