Accueil > Documentation > Insectivore > Entre la datte et la larve il faudra choisir !

Entre la datte et la larve il faudra choisir !

samedi 1er février 2020 - Rédaction SNP

https://web.mention.com/#alert/47263

 Clair, simple, précis ; remarquable billet que vous pouvez soumettre au traducteur automatique si nécessaire.

 On peut en effet se poser la question du plus utile pour la planète. Pour nous, les contemplatifs du palmier d’ornement les choses sont heureusement plus simples !!

 

Sago worm ? Yes, I present to you one of nature’s finest insect larvae. With a rising population of over 7.8 billion people, you should start thinking out of the box. To the palm it is a pest, to the Farmer, This is Money ! Its time to cash in on this.

Sago worm is a larva of palm weevil (Beetles), they are insects like bees but belongs to the family of Dryophthoridae, subfamily Rhynchophorinae, and the tribe of Rhynchophorini.

This worm is also known as coconut worm, palm tree worm, palm grubs, palmetto grub, palm tree weevil, edible maggot, Asian palm weevil, and sago palm weevil.

Sago worm is highly tasteful and delicious both as a snack and in soups, and am speaking from experience. They are in a class of their own and remain a luxury product that commands premium prices in most parts of the world.

These worms contain high-quality macronutrients that are comparable to that of fish and meat. Currently, the market needs more edible worm because the product is scarce. A scarce commodity is a business opportunity you should never joke with. Before getting started on how to grow them, let’s understand what edible worms really leare.
Common Species of Palm Weevil

 Black palm weevil – Rhynchophorus bilineatus
 Palmetto weevil – Rhynchophorus cruentatus
 Red palm weevil – Rhynchophorus ferrugineus
 South American palm weevil – Rhynchophorus paimarum
 African palm weevil – Rhynchophorus phoenicis
 Sago palm weevil – Rhynchophorus vulneratus

Nurtitional Value Of Sago Worm :

 Carotene
 Vitamin B1, B2, B6, C, D, E, and K
 Folic acid
 Iron
 Zinc
 Calcium
 Copper
 Phosphorus
 Magnesium
 Manganese
 Protein
 Omega 3

Uses Of Sago Worm :

Food : Sago worm can be eaten either raw, fried, roasted, steamed, toasted, barbequed, cooked, deep-fried. They can also be dried and grounded to powdery form for stews, soup, salads and pudding.

Pharmaceutical Uses : Edible maggots serve as a ready source of microbes in some processing and pharmaceutical industries. It also serves as a raw material for pharmaceutical antibiotics fungi- Penicillium sp

Animal Feed : The rising demand for livestock has led to recent high demand and prices for protein sources in animal feed production.

Palm worm product could replace these protein sources for formulating feed with higher mineral content, fibre and vitamins. You can also feed them live edible maggots just like the fly maggots.

Fertilizer : These sago worms can serve as fertilizers to improve soil fertility. To use as a fertilizer, you need to dry and grind the palm worm into powder.
Characteristics Of Sago Worm :

 They are soft-bodied with a trunk head
 The females are larger than the males for abdomen length and width, total head size, and the length from tip of rostrum to an-tennal insertion.
 The female lay eggs in the axils and petioles of new leaves and wounds
 They live in the trunks of palm tree
 Adult beetle measures approximately 2 to 5 centimetres long with a rusty appearance
 Palm weevil measuresd between 30 to 40 mm in length

Breeding Edible Worm :
sago worm farming
Removing Sago Worm from Palm trunk

Sago worm or edible maggots are the larvae form of red palm weevil that live in palm trunks in parts of South America and Tropical Africa that grow in swampy muddy areas.

The sap and flowers are sweet, rich in sugars, and can be fermented. The trunk is high in starch and can be harvested, pounded, and dried to form a type of sweet “sago” flour.

Adult weevils attracted to the palm trunk release an aggregation pheromone that amplifies the attractiveness of the palm for breeding and feeding.

Female weevils use their long rostrum or snout to chew holes into the trunk andover 200 eggs are laid (oviposited) into these holes. After several days, the eggs hatch and the small first weevil larvae burrow into the trunk to feed. These worms get all their nutrient from the trunk of the palm.
Types of Breeding Method :

 Palm Trunk Breeding
 Breeding with large plastic containers

Materials to Start Breeding :

 Subtract
 Drum/plastic container
 Palm trunk/Sago Flour
 Pig Feed
 Water
 Coconut Husk

Palm Trunk Breeding :

 Get palm trunk by felling or collecting already fell trunks.
 Cut them into desired sizes to fit into your space
 Prepare your palm trunks for weevil attack by opening the trunk with an axe.
 Add overripe bananas to the open spot.
 Introduce your breeders (2 pairs in each trunk).
 Turn the truck upside down to prevent the breeders from escaping.
 Check after 7 days for any larvae because you should see tiny larvae in the trunk by this time.
 Replace the trunk and you should start to notice a distinctive fermenting odour from the trunk when you open it.
 They are ready for harvesting in 30-40 days.
 Weevil larvae feeding inside the palm trunk are easy to find because they make large diameter tunnels,

Large Plastic Containers :

 Get a large Plastic Container
 Prepare your Substrate with pig feed, trunk powder and water.
 After mixing, Add overripe banana
 Add a few coconut husks to act as covering
 Introduce Your breeders
 Cover your plastic container to prevent escape.
 Check after 7 days, you should start seeing tiny worms
 Open and add more palm trunk powder for larvae to feed on and grow big
 They should be ready to harvest after 30-40days depending on the size.

Adult weevils are attracted to exposed damaged trunks and in some instances salt may be applied to the cut area to increases the attractiveness to breeding weevils in the trunk breeding system.
Housing/Management :

If you decide to produce sago worm, construct a seperate room to keep your breeding materials. The room should be dark and free from crawling insects and predators like lizards and rats.

Remove all old substrate and prepare a new substrate for every breeding. Wash and dry all breeding materials after harvesting.
Harvesting/Sales :

Sago worms are ready for harvesting in 30 -40 days depending on the size of larvae you want. You can sell them live or dried to Hotels, Restaurants and Grocery shops.You can also add value with a premium package like this

You can also read my guide on how to start maggot farmer.

https://afrifarmer.com/maggot-farming-how-to-start-a-maggot-farm/

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